Research
A new review published online today in the journal Addiction has compiled the best, most up-to-date source of information on alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use and the burden of death and disease. It shows that in 2015 alcohol and tobacco use between them cost the human population more than a quarter of a billion disability-adjusted life years, with illicit drugs costing a further tens of millions.
BUFFALO, N.Y. – The more educated a member of the baby boomer generation, the more likely they are to misuse prescription opioids, according to new research from the University at Buffalo.
Despite claims that helmets do not protect the cervical spine during a motorcycle crash and may even increase the risk of injury, researchers from the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics in Madison found that, during an accident, helmet use lowers the likelihood of cervical spine injury (CSI), particularly fractures of the cervical vertebrae. These findings appear in a new article published in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, "Motorcycle helmets and cervical spine injuries: a 5-year experience at a Level 1 trauma center," written by Dr. Paul S. Page, Dr. Zhikui Wei, and Dr. Nathaniel P. Brooks.
Chronic pain after surgery is a major health problem but little is known about individual pain experiences and how and why pain usually resolves. A leading pain researcher reported at this year's American Pain Society Scientific Summit that recent studies yield clues about mechanisms believed to be responsible for pain resolution variability and how they might be manipulated to speed recovery and diminish likelihood for long-lasting severe pain.
A study from scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), in La Jolla, Calif., explains why the risk of osteoarthritis increases as we age and offers a potential avenue for developing new therapies to maintain healthy joints.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – Long after cancer treatment ends, many continue to deal with one particular symptom that refuses to go away: fatigue. In a new study, researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Harvard School of Medicine have found that the power of placebos, even when fully disclosed to patients, might be harnessed to reduce fatigue in cancer survivors.
The Massage Therapy Foundation (MTF), based in Evanston, Ill., has announced it 2018 research grants and contest deadlines for massage therapy professionals and students.
Muscle paralysis rapidly causes inflammation in nearby bone marrow, which may promote the formation of large cells that break down bone, a new study finds. The article is published in the American Journal of Physiology – Cell Physiology.
It is the number one reason that people go to see the doctor, and it is now a national crisis. The problem: chronic pain and prescription opioids. The dilemma: how to provide the most effective pain treatment for 80 per cent of pain patients who are at least risk for addiction while causing the least harm to the remaining 20 per cent who are at most risk. The solution: it's very complicated, but it may be possible to address both problems without adversely affecting either.
McMaster University neuroscientists studying sports-related head injuries have found that it takes less than a full concussion to cause memory loss, possibly because even mild trauma can interrupt the production of new neurons in a region of the brain responsible for memory.
McMaster University in Hamilton and St. Joseph Healthcare Hamilton have teamed up to launch a new multidisciplinary research centre dedicated to cannabis research.
LOUISVILLE, Ky. – A research participant at the University of Louisville with a complete spinal cord injury, who had lost motor function below the level of the injury, has regained the ability to move his legs voluntarily and stand six years after his injury.
Thai massage and joint mobilization are equally effective as short-term treatment for reducing pain and disability in patients with chronic non-specific low-back pain. This was the finding of a recent prospective, randomized study published in the International Journal of Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork.
Montreal's world-famous brain research centre is in the middle of conducting an experiment on what could be its most ambitious subject: itself.
An illness, an accident, or even just getting older can limit a person's capacity for exercise. Rest is an essential component of healing, but it also atrophies muscles.
Results of a recent collaborative review and meta-analyses of massage therapy for pain have been published.
LOS ANGELES – Dr. Jay R. Lieberman, chair and professor of orthopedic surgery at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, has received a five-year, $2.2 million grant from the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases to research gene therapy to enhance repair of extensive bone injuries.
People experiencing migraines often avoid light and find relief in darkness. A new study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in Boston has revealed a previously unknown connection between the light-sensitive nerve cells in the eye and centers in the brain that regulate mood and a host of physical parameters such as heart rate, shortness of breath, fatigue, congestion and nausea.
Workplace injuries don't just come from lifting heavy things or falling off a ladder. People with desk jobs can develop debilitating hand and wrist problems that make it difficult to work, and poorly designed software could be to blame. However, researchers at the Texas A&M School of Public Health are creating tools to that could help develop safer software.
OTTAWA – The federal government needs to make research into the effects of pot a priority as Ottawa works to legalize and regulate marijuana by next July, a coalition of academics said Monday.

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