Research
SAN DIEGO, CA—For patients with rotator cuff tears, improving shoulder function is the most important reason for moving forward with surgical repair, according to research presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting. Researchers also found that through arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR), these patients consistently saw significant functional improvements and relief from pain.
SAN DIEGO, CA—ACL injuries are one of the most common sports injuries affecting adolescent athletes, leading to lost playing time and high healthcare costs. Research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in San Diego shows athletes who experience fatigue – tested on a standardized assessment –­ demonstrated increased risk of ACL injury. The study is the first to measure the direct impact of fatigue on injury risk in the adolescent population.
Is treating the diaphragm the key to relieving chronic pain in the lower back?
OTTAWA—Science is that much stronger when diverse ideas are welcomed. When Canada's research community has a say in the development of new programs that support it, our researchers are able to discover and innovate in ways that have a profound impact on our health, environment, economy and communities.
The results of a study presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) demonstrate that among individuals with radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA), decreased physical performance and greater structural disease severity are associated with a higher risk of experiencing depressive symptoms.1
BUFFALO, NY—A new study has identified several key factors in postmenopausal women that are associated with height loss, a common occurrence in this age group that is known to increase the risk for death and disease.
The connection between physical activity and brain health is getting stronger, but we're still trying to understand all of the reasons why. A new study approached the question with a bit of a twist – by investigating what happens in the brain when leg movement is restricted.
A new review published online today in the journal Addiction has compiled the best, most up-to-date source of information on alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use and the burden of death and disease. It shows that in 2015 alcohol and tobacco use between them cost the human population more than a quarter of a billion disability-adjusted life years, with illicit drugs costing a further tens of millions.
BUFFALO, N.Y. – The more educated a member of the baby boomer generation, the more likely they are to misuse prescription opioids, according to new research from the University at Buffalo.
Despite claims that helmets do not protect the cervical spine during a motorcycle crash and may even increase the risk of injury, researchers from the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics in Madison found that, during an accident, helmet use lowers the likelihood of cervical spine injury (CSI), particularly fractures of the cervical vertebrae. These findings appear in a new article published in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, "Motorcycle helmets and cervical spine injuries: a 5-year experience at a Level 1 trauma center," written by Dr. Paul S. Page, Dr. Zhikui Wei, and Dr. Nathaniel P. Brooks.
Chronic pain after surgery is a major health problem but little is known about individual pain experiences and how and why pain usually resolves. A leading pain researcher reported at this year's American Pain Society Scientific Summit that recent studies yield clues about mechanisms believed to be responsible for pain resolution variability and how they might be manipulated to speed recovery and diminish likelihood for long-lasting severe pain.
A study from scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), in La Jolla, Calif., explains why the risk of osteoarthritis increases as we age and offers a potential avenue for developing new therapies to maintain healthy joints.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – Long after cancer treatment ends, many continue to deal with one particular symptom that refuses to go away: fatigue. In a new study, researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Harvard School of Medicine have found that the power of placebos, even when fully disclosed to patients, might be harnessed to reduce fatigue in cancer survivors.
The Massage Therapy Foundation (MTF), based in Evanston, Ill., has announced it 2018 research grants and contest deadlines for massage therapy professionals and students.
COLUMBUS, Ohio – A new study from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center examines what may cause chronic back pain in runners and the exercises to help prevent it.
Muscle paralysis rapidly causes inflammation in nearby bone marrow, which may promote the formation of large cells that break down bone, a new study finds. The article is published in the American Journal of Physiology – Cell Physiology.
It is the number one reason that people go to see the doctor, and it is now a national crisis. The problem: chronic pain and prescription opioids. The dilemma: how to provide the most effective pain treatment for 80 per cent of pain patients who are at least risk for addiction while causing the least harm to the remaining 20 per cent who are at most risk. The solution: it's very complicated, but it may be possible to address both problems without adversely affecting either.
McMaster University neuroscientists studying sports-related head injuries have found that it takes less than a full concussion to cause memory loss, possibly because even mild trauma can interrupt the production of new neurons in a region of the brain responsible for memory.
McMaster University in Hamilton and St. Joseph Healthcare Hamilton have teamed up to launch a new multidisciplinary research centre dedicated to cannabis research.
LOUISVILLE, Ky. – A research participant at the University of Louisville with a complete spinal cord injury, who had lost motor function below the level of the injury, has regained the ability to move his legs voluntarily and stand six years after his injury.
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